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|This section highlights model HPRP programs that are preventing homelessness, diverting people from shelter, and rapidly re-housing those who become homeless. Resources in a prevention and re-housing system should be targeted to households with the highest likelihood of becoming homeless, and programs should provide just enough assistance to prevent or end an episode of homelessness - stretching resources as far as possible.|
In 2009, Congress reauthorized HUD’s McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Programs through the Homeless Emergency and Rapid Transition to Housing (HEARTH) Act, including incentives for communities to adopt rapid re-housing. Congress also included $1.5 billion for HPRP in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) to help prevent large increases in homelessness among families impacted by the recession. For the first time, communities across the country have dedicated resources to rapidly re-house families.
In the first year of HPRP, 110,000 homeless people in families received rapid re-housing assistance, including housing search, short-term rental assistance, and follow-up case management, to move out of homelessness and back into housing. (Many more families received homelessness prevention services through HPRP before they became homeless.) Almost all – 91 percent – of families receiving rapid re-housing exited homelessness for permanent housing. More than half of all households did so with just one month of assistance.